Canes have alternating yellow stripes and some zig-zag.
Very vertical appearance, does not tend to weep or lean.
Phyllostachys Aureosulcata ‘Yellow Groove Bamboo’ is a great species for privacy screens. It can get larger in warm climates but makes thick lower growing privacy screen in climate zone 6 and colder. The culms are very erect, making it suitable for planting around paths and roads. The shoots are edible.
The culm (cane) sheaths are pale green with creamy streaks. Auricles and oral setae are present on mid culm. Can be absent on lower and upper portions of the culms. A very upright species at maturity. Less aggressive in cooler climates. Yellow Groove is from Jiangsu and Zhejiang in east China.
In USDA Climate Zone 7 expect mature size canes to be over 40 feet in height.
In USDA Climate Zone 6 expect mature size canes to be 18 feet in height.
In USDA Climate Zone 5 expect mature size canes to be 12 to 14 feet in height.
In USDA Climate Zone 4 expect mature size canes to be 8 feet in height.
We have personally recorded this species at 46 feet and 2.6 inches in diameter in climate zone 7. In climate zone 6 expect max height to be around 20 feet.
‘Yellow Groove Bamboo’ is widely used as an ornamental because of the occasional zigzag pattern that occurs in the lower quarter of the culms. The culms also have a rough or sandpaper feel.
We have customers growing this cold hardy species in parts of Minnesota, in the Missouri Botanical Gardens, University of Minnesota Arboretum, Iowa and Nebraska. One of our customers in zone 3b/4a Wisconsin where temperatures have gone to -30 reported his ‘yellow groove’ dies back in the Winter months. It comes back each Spring 6 to 8 feet tall from a 5 year old planting.
At the Denver Zoo, it averages 10 to 12 feet in height by .75 inch diameter after 12 years and appears that this will be the mature average height at that elevation and climate zone 5.
Plant introduction number (PI) into the U.S. 55713
Questions and answers of the customers
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Bamboo grows a little different than most plants. The bamboo that you get initially never grows vertically again. It has babies that are taller, that has babies that are taller. Every generation should be taller that the previous year's shoots. The intriguing aspect is that each year’s growth emerges and grows to it complete height in 60-90 days. They spread as they produce larger growth, filling in and providing a screen.
This link will help you learn how bamboo grows. It will give you an idea of what kind of growth to expect from your planting. It is a lot of information, but well worth your time. How Bamboo Grows
Planting bamboo is also easy. You want to dig a hole about twice the size of the root ball. When you plant the bamboo amend your soil with composted manure and a good top soil. Bamboo can be planted at ground level or slightly deeper. It is not a picky about it conditions but this will help get it off to a good start.
One division of bamboo will start a grove or screen over time. However, if you want a privacy screen fast, I recommend planting bamboo 3 to 5 feet apart. This will hopefully allow you to have a good screen in three years. There are a lot of factors such as water, sunlight, and climate zones that speeds up or slows down the process. Three years is about the average on this spacing, closer planting will allow you to screen or develop your grove faster. You cannot over plant bamboo.