This beautiful evergreen bamboo is used extensively for screening. At maturity, the culms grow close together and with it’s thick foliage, ‘Golden Bamboo’ provides an excellent visual and sound barrier for Zone 6 and higher.
Phyllostachys Aurea 'Golden'
Sun to Shade
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Phyllostachys Aurea ‘Golden Bamboo’ is a prime choice for privacy screening or a bamboo fence. A fast grower in warm climate zones, but less aggressive in colder climates. Provides a thick impenetrable grove when untrimmed. The culm nodes are compacted giving this species a great look on larger culms. On small plants and often on mature size culm this species has low growing limbs. This species is very drought hardy. Light green canes turning golden when exposed to sun light. The culms ( canes) are very strong and upright. The culms sheaths are pale/green to pale/red. The auricles and oral setae are absent from the sheaths.
‘Golden Bamboo’ was the first Phyllostachys introduced into the United States (Alabama in 1882).
In colder regions, this species forms tight groves versus the more open groves in warmer climate zones. Culms are excellent wood quality and the new shoots are edible.
Climate Zone 7 expect mature size canes to be over 30 feet in height.
Climate Zone 6 expect mature size canes to be 16 feet in height.
‘Golden Bamboo’ is growing well in New York’s climate zone 6 but in some micro climates of zone 6, this species does not remain evergreen. This beautiful bamboo will drop foliage when temps drop to around 5 degrees F. Canes will most likely be killed when temps drop to -5. Unless temps drop to -30 degrees F. the root system of established well mulched groves will put up new canes each Spring.
Plant introduction number (PI) into the U.S. 75153
The Japanese name for Phyllostachys aurea is Hoteichiku and the common name for it in Chinese is Ren Mian zhu
Bamboo grows a little different than most plants. The bamboo that you get initially never grows vertically again. It has babies that are taller, that has babies that are taller. Every generation should be taller that the previous year's shoots. The intriguing aspect is that each year’s growth emerges and grows to it complete height in 60-90 days. They spread as they produce larger growth, filling in and providing a screen.
This link will help you learn how bamboo grows. It will give you an idea of what kind of growth to expect from your planting. It is a lot of information, but well worth your time. How Bamboo Grows
Planting bamboo is also easy. You want to dig a hole about twice the size of the root ball. When you plant the bamboo amend your soil with composted manure and a good top soil. Bamboo can be planted at ground level or slightly deeper. It is not a picky about it conditions but this will help get it off to a good start.
One division of bamboo will start a grove or screen over time. However, if you want a privacy screen fast, I recommend planting bamboo 3 to 5 feet apart. This will hopefully allow you to have a good screen in three years. There are a lot of factors such as water, sunlight, and climate zones that speeds up or slows down the process. Three years is about the average on this spacing, closer planting will allow you to screen or develop your grove faster. You cannot over plant bamboo.
Bamboo can benefit from a fertilization program. You can safely fertilize your bamboo once it has been in the ground for one month. A time release fertilizer will work great. Time release fertilizers allow for proper absorption in case your soil is out of PH balance. We offer some fertilizer to help with growth. We fertilize twice a year. Once in the early spring to encourage new growth and then again during the middle of the grow season to replace any nutrients that are being depleted. Click here to see our recommended fertilizer: Our Fertilizers
Over the years a lot of myths have been told about bamboo, while it can spread under good conditions, it is not as invasive as many people would have you believe. In colder climates an aggressive runner here in the south will hardy spread at all in comparison. We have been growing bamboo since 1985 and had experience with it long before that. The bamboo's underground root system (rhizome) will spread beyond the initial planting over the years, so in the next two or three years you will need to decide on some method of containment on the sides you do not want the rhizomes to run over into.
We have constructed a page discussing multiple methods of controlling bamboo. It goes over root pruning, mowing new shoots, and in ground barriers: Controlling Bamboo
All this said and it may discourage you, but as with any plant there will be maintenance. Bamboo is very beautiful and is great in a Japanese style garden, but it will need maintenance down the road. At first it may seem to be doing nothing, but after 3 to 5 years you will have a lot of beautiful culms (canes) and love the foliage. All our 150 plus species simply contained by mowing and weed eating the new Spring and Summer shoots. Hopes this helps and don't be afraid of the bamboo.